You are here

Industrial Effluent Recycling: $4 Billion Market Opportunity

March to Sustainability: Zero Liquid Discharge 

USD 4 billion Market Potential of ZLD across 5 industries by 2020

March to Sustainability: Zero Liquid Discharge, an in-depth market assessment report, quantifies the market opportunity for ZLD at USD 4 billion (INR 270 billion) across five water intensive and highly polluting industries in India, i.e. Thermal Power (coal fired), Distillery (molasses based), Iron & Steel, Textile (wet processing) and Pulp & Paper (large wood based) by 2020.


 
Buy-Now $2,950

What to Expect in the Report

This market assessment report is a primer for Zero Liquid Discharge in India, which describes the current scenario, illustrates the outlook for 2020 and quantifies the market opportunity with a focus on five highly polluting and water intensive industries, i.e. Thermal Power (Coal fired), Distillery (molasses based), Iron & Steel, Textile (wet processing) and Pulp & Paper (large wood based). A mixed method approach was adopted to estimate the market potential for ZLD across the five sectors of focus, covering the following dimensions:

Key Features

The cumulative market potential across the five industries of focus would be nearly INR 270 billion (USD 4 billion) by 2020, with the highest market potential for ZLD in the thermal power sector. Molasses based distilleries sector follows second in terms of market share of ZLD. This is in line with the fact that distillery industry has a national mandate in the pipeline. The distillery sector has a relatively strong business case for ZLD due to the additional revenue from by-products generated as a result of adoption of bio-compositing as a route for achieving ZLD in the sector. Iron & Steel industry too has high penetration for ZLD as in the case of distillery sector however, as the country tries to achieve the goal of tripling its crude steel production capacity, the sector would see increased market opportunity for ZLD.

The opportunity for ZLD in the textile sector has changed considerably due to the change in policy scenario. However, with increasing concerns on water scarcity and water pollution, it can be expected that the market will slowly take up ZLD by 2020. The Pulp & Paper sector at present does not have any ZLD mandate however the Charter for Water Recycling & Pollution Prevention in Pulp & Paper Industry aims at making the industry efficient and sustainable in terms of water use. The industry is currently operating well below the global standards and is highly inefficient in terms of water use and also a major contributor to the pollution of India’s water resources. Thus, there is a high probability that the large wood based pulp & paper mill will be targeted first to lead the Pulp & Paper industry towards Zero liquid Discharge. Once the industry achieves the global best level of water consumption, it is likely that the market opportunities for ZLD solutions would open for the sector and the investment would pick up by 2020.

-------------------------------------------------------------------

To buy the report click here.

To download the report excerpt click here.

Buy-Now $2,950

 

Author: Sustainability Outlook

Sustainability Outlook, a division of cKinetics, is a market intelligence, discovery and collaboration platform facilitating sustainability linked actions amongst businesses, policy makers and investors. Sustainability Outlook actively tracks and provides market insights in resource management with focus on policy, technology and finance to work towards creating closed loop systems.

For additional details please write to mait@sustainabilityoutlook.in

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Table of Contents

Sustainable Water Management in Industry: Topic du jour? Pg 1
Objective of the Report Pg 2
Methodology Pg 2
2 India’s Water Woes Pg 4
    2.1 Inconspicuous Water Reserves, Conspicuous Crisis
3 Addressing the Problem: Zero Liquid Discharge for Industries Pg 8
    3.1 Evolution of Zero Liquid Discharge in India: Policy Landscape
   3.2 Other Regulations Supporting ZLD: Ground Water Extraction Rules, 2015
    3.3 Outlook for the Policy Agenda
4 Towards the Solution: Technological Landscape of ZLD Pg 16
5 The Rising Tide of ZLD in India: Key Accelerators for the Market Pg 22
    5.1 Policy is the Strongest Driver
    5.2 Water Scarcity, Increasing Competition for Access
    5.3 Increasing Industrial Water Productivity
    5.4 Recovery of Water and Other Valuable Resources
6 Challenges for Adoption of ZLD in Industry Pg 25
    6.1 Low Price of Water
    6.2 Reducing Cost Competitiveness in the National and Global Market
    6.3 Lack of Financing Sources
    6.4 Disposal of Solid By-product
    6.5 Escalated Carbon Footprint of the Industry
    6.6 Lack of Clarity in Policy
    6.7 Technology Limitations
    6.8 Limited Available Space
7 Action Agenda and Outlook for ZLD in India Pg 30
    7.1 Exploring New Models of Operation & Implementation
    7.2 Capacity Building for Technology
8 ZLD: INR 270 Billion (USD 4 billion) Market Potential in Thermal Power , Textile, Distilleries, Iron & Steel  and Pulp & Paper Industries by 2020 Pg 34
9 Thermal Power Industry (Coal Based): INR Y Billion (USD Z Million) ZLD Potential Market by 2020 Pg 36
    9.1 Thermal Power Plants: The Water Guzzlers at Risk
    9.2 Cooling Tower and Ash Handling Unit: Mammoth Water Consumer, Scope for Optimization Exists
    9.3 Market Opportunity for ZLD to Increase Six Folds by 2020
    9.4 ZLD to Increase End Product Price by 3%
    9.5 Air Cooled Condensers: The Way Forward
10 Distillery Industry: Opportunity Exists even though Inroads have been made into the Market Pg 45
    10.1 ZSD Market Demand to Reach INR Y billion (USD Z Million) for Molasses Based Distillery
    10.2 Bio-composting – Most Widely Used ZSD Pathway for Molasses Based Distilleries
    10.3 Understanding the Cost Structure for ZSD in Distillery
    10.4 Additional Revenue from By-product (Compost) of ZSD Leads to Partial Recovery of Expenses
11 Iron & Steel Industry: INR Y Billion (USD Z Million) ZLD Potential Market by 2020 Pg 55
     Policy: Step towards Water Management
     Industry Snapshot
    11.1`Pig Iron Based Steel Production: Water Intensive, High Recovery Potential
    11.2 Sponge Iron Producers:  Low Pollution Potential, Recovery without Tertiary Treatment
    11.3 ZLD Market: Headway Made, INR Y Billion Opportunity Exists
    11.4 Low Impact on Production Cost, Reduced Operational Risk
12 Textile (Wet Processing) Industry: INR Y Billion (USD Z Million) ZLD Potential Market by 2020 Pg 66
    Zero Liquid Discharge: Moving Beyond the Impasse
    12.1 ZLD Technology for Textile Industry (Wet Processing)
    12.2 Understanding the Cost Structures of ZLD for Textile Industry (Wet Processing)
    12.3 Business Case for ZLD in Textile (Wet Processing) Industry
13 Pulp & Paper Industry: INR Y billion (USD Z Million) ZLD Market Contingent on Policy Push Pg 76
    13.1 ZLD Economically Unviable at Current Levels of Water Consumption
    13.2 Global Best Water Consumption + Indian Policy = INR Y Million (USD Z Million) ZLD Market in Pulp & Paper
    13.3 ZLD Technology for Pulp & Paper (Large Wood Based)
    13.4 Current Effluent Disposal Norms not the Most Suited
    13.5 ZLD Difficult, not Impossible in Pulp & Paper Sector
    13.6 Business Case for ZLD in Large Wood Based Pulp & Paper Sector

 

List of Figures

Figure 1: Aggregated Global Water Gap Pg 1
Figure 2: Stage of Groundwater Development Pg 4
Figure 3: Baseline Water Stress Pg 5
Figure 4: Current Industrial Water Usage and Predictions for 2050 Pg 5
Figure 5: State Wise Industrial Water Consumption and Wastewater Generation in the Ganga Basin Pg 7
Figure 6: Unfolding of ZLD in India Pg 9
Figure 7: Pictorial Representation of ZLD Value Chain Pg 16
Figure 8: Components of ZLD System Pg 18
Figure 9: Depth of Water Level in India Pg 22
Figure 10: Projected Water Demand Pg 23
Figure 11: Industrial Water Productivity (IWP) of Water Pg 24
Figure 12: Effect of Recovery on Overall Operating Cost (in INR) Pg 24
Figure 13: Total Cost of Water around the World Pg 25
Figure 14: Specific Carbon Dioxide Emissions for Different Fuels (in kg CO2/kWh) Pg 27
Figure 15: Amount of Risk Associated for Service Provider in relation to their Involvement Pg 31
Figure 16: Potential Cumulative Market Opportunity for ZLD by 2020 (in INR Million) Pg 34
Figure 17: Potential Cumulative Operating Expenditure for ZLD by 2020 (in INR Million/Annum) Pg 34
Figure 18: Impact of ZLD on Production Cost Pg 35
Figure 19: Category-wise Distribution Installed Thermal Capacity (As on 30.09.2016) Pg 36
Figure 20: All India Installed Thermal Capacity Pg 37
Figure 21: Water Requirement in a 500 MW Thermal Power Plant with No Ash Water Recirculation Pg 39
Figure 22: Water Requirement in a 500 MW Thermal Power Plant with Ash Water Recirculation Pg 39
Figure 23: Water Requirement in a 500 MW Thermal Power Plant with High Concentration Slurry Disposal Pg 40
Figure 24: Estimated Cumulative Market Potential for Coal Based Thermal Power Industry Pg 41
Figure 25: Estimated Cumulative OPEX for Coal Based Thermal Power Industry Pg 41
Figure 26: Cumulative Market Potential as per Technology for Coal Based Thermal Power Industry by 2020 Pg 42
Figure 27: ZLD Market Potential for 21 Companies under Study by 2020 Pg 42
Figure 28: Impact of ZLD on End Product Price Pg 44
Figure 29: Estimated Cumulative Market Potential in Distilleries (molasses based) Pg 46
Figure 30: Estimated Cumulative OPEX in Distilleries (molasses based) Pg 46
Figure 31: Total Market Size in Molasses Based Distillery for ZSD in Ganga Basin and Non Ganga Basin States by 2020 Pg 47
Figure 32: State-wise Market Size for ZSD in Molasses Based Distillery by 2020 Pg 47
Figure 33: Most Prevalent Technological Pathways to Achieve ZSD for Molasses Based Distilleries Pg 50
Figure 34: Cumulative Market Potential as per Technology for Molasses Based Distillery by 2020 Pg 51
Figure 35: CAPEX and OPEX Break-up for Bio-composting (Option 1) of the Concentrate Pg 52
Figure 36: CAPEX and OPEX Break-up for Incineration (Option 2) of the Concentrate Pg 52
Figure 37: Total Annual Finished Steel Production (alloy + non-alloy) Trend Pg 58
Figure 38: Crude Steel Production (2015-16) Pg 58
Figure 39: Water Consumption and Effluent Discharge in Pig Iron Based Steel Plant Pg 59
Figure 40: ZLD Pathway in Iron & Steel Industry Pg 60
Figure 41: Water Consumption and Effluent Discharge in DRI Based Steel Plant Pg 61
Figure 42: Estimated Cumulative Market Potential for Iron & Steel Industry Pg 62
Figure 43: Estimated Cumulative OPEX for Iron & Steel Industry Pg 62
Figure 44: Cumulative Market Potential as per Technology for Iron & Steel Industry by 2020 Pg 63
Figure 45: Company-wise Market Potential for ZLD by 2020 Pg 63
Figure 46: Impact of ZLD on End Product Price in Iron & Steel Industry Pg 65
Figure 47:  Estimated Cumulative Market Potential in Textile (Wet Processing) Industry Pg 67
Figure 48: Estimated Cumulative OPEX in Textile (Wet Processing) Industry Pg 67
Figure 49: Cumulative Market Potential as per Technology for Textile (Wet Processing) Industry by 2020 Pg 67
Figure 50: Total Market Size for ZLD in Textile (Wet Processing) Industry in Ganga Basin and Non Ganga Basin States by 2020 Pg 68
Figure 51: State-wise Market Size for ZLD in Textile (Wet Processing) Industry by 2020 Pg 69
Figure 52: Technology Options Available for ZLD in Textile (Wet Processing) Pg 70
Figure 53: Percentage Break-up (CAPEX and OPEX) for Different Components for ZLD in Textile (Wet Processing) Pg 71
Figure 54: Amount of Water Recovered across Different Components of ZLD in Textile Industry Pg 72
Figure 55: Comparison of Impact of ZLD on the End Product Price Pg 74
Figure 56: Specific Water Consumption with Various Dyestuff Pg 75
Figure 57: Production Share of Different Types of Pulp & Paper Mills in India (Based on Raw Materials Used) Pg 77
Figure 58: CAPEX and OPEX Projections for Large Wood Based Pulp & Paper Industry by 2020 Pg 78
Figure 59: ZLD Market Projections for Large Wood Based Pulp & Paper Industry for Ganga Basin and Non Ganga Basin States by 2020 Pg 79
Figure 60: Market Potential for ZLD in Large Wood Based Pulp & Paper Industry across Different States by 2020 Pg 80
Figure 61: Technological Option for ZLD in Large Wood Based Pulp & Paper Industry Pg 81
Figure 62: Market Potential as per Technology for Large Wood Based Pulp & Paper Industry by 2020 Pg 82
Figure 63: Major Findings from the Pilot Project in Pulp & Paper Industry by TWIC

Pg 85

Figure 64: Average Water Consumption in Pulp & Paper Industry Pg 85
Figure 65: ZLD Cost Compared to Overall Production Cost in the Present Scenario and as Projected for 2020 Pg 86

 

List of Tables

Table 1: Places on the Ganga Basin which do not Meet the CPCB Criteria Pg 6
Table 2: Sector Wise Water Consumption and Wastewater  Generation in the Ganga Basin Pg 7
Table 3: Notification on Reducing Specific Water Consumption and Achieving Zero Liquid Discharge for Thermal Power Units Pg 10
Table 4: New Emission Norms for Thermal Power Units Pg 11
Table 5: Groundwater Withdrawal Limit as per Groundwater Category Pg 14
Table 6: Typical Operating Conditions of a MEE Pg 18
Table 7: Different ZLD Technologies Currently Prevalent Pg 20
Table 8: Comparison of Different Evaporation and Membrane Technologies Pg 28
Table 9: Revenue Loss in First Quarter of 2016 due to Power Plant Shutdown Pg 38
Table 10: Expected Effluent Recovery Potential in Current and Future Scenario Pg 40
Table 11: CAPEX-OPEX Scenario for Different Configurations Pg 43
Table 12: CAPEX-OPEX Scenario for Different Configurations Pg 53
Table 13: State-wise Annual Water Requirement to Meet Additional Steel Production Target by 2025-26 Pg 56
Table 14: Specific Water Consumption of Some Steel Plants (Integrated Operations) Pg 57
Table 15: CAPEX-OPEX Scenario for Different Configurations Pg 64
Table 16: CAPEX-OPEX Scenario for Different Configurations Pg 73
Table 17: Freshwater Consumption Target for Pulp &Paper Industry in Ganga Basin States Pg 82
Table 18: Effluent Generation Norms for Pulp & Paper Industry in Ganga Basin States Pg 83

 

Annexures

Annexure 1: Methodology Adopted for Sizing the Market Potential of Zero liquid Discharge Pg 88
Annexure 2: Business Models for Implementation of ZLD Pg 95
Annexure 3: Key Policies and Schemes Promoting Industrial Water Conservation Pg 98
Annexure 4: Effluent Disposal Standards for Industries in Focus Pg 101
Annexure 5: Effluent Characteristics of Textile, Distillery and Pulp & Paper Industry Pg 104
Annexure 6: Industrial Sectors Already Practicing Zero Liquid Discharge Pg 106
Annexure 7: State-wise Installed Capacity of Molasses Based Distilleries in Million Liters (2012-2013) Pg 111
Annexure 8: Thermal Power Industry Contact List (Companies Analyzed) Pg 112
Annexure 9: List of New Thermal Power Plants (Proposed & Under Implementation) Pg 121
Annexure 10: Iron & Steel Industry Contact List Pg 123
Annexure 11: List of Technology Suppliers/Vendors for ZLD Pg 144
Annexure 12: List of Organizations in Ganga Basin which Received Notice from NGT Pg 154
Annexure 13: List of Industries Issued Closure Notice by CPCB Regarding Failure of Installation of Online Monitoring Systems Pg 170
Glossary Pg 173

 

Some Companies Mentioned
Thermal Power Sector
Adani Power

JSW Energy

Rajasthan Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam Ltd. (RRVUNL)

Andhra Pradesh Power Generation Corporation Ltd. (APPGCL)

Karnataka Power Corporation Ltd. (KPCL)

Reliance Power

CESC Ltd. (CESC)

Lanco Infratech Ltd. (LANCO) Tamilnadu Generation and Distribution Corporation Ltd. (TANGEDCO)

Chhattisgarh State Power Generation Company Ltd. (CSPGCL)

M.P. Power Generation Company Ltd. (MPPGCL)

Tata Power

Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC)

Maharashtra State Power Generation Co. Ltd. (MAHAGENCO)

Telangana State Power Generation Corporation Ltd.(TSGENCO)

GMR

National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC)

Uttar Pradesh Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam Ltd. (UPRVUNL)

Gujarat State Electricity Corporation Ltd. (GSECL)

NLC India Ltd. 

West Bengal Power Development Corporation Ltd. (WBPDCL)

 

Iron and Steel Sector
SAIL  Uttam Galva Steel Limited Welspun Group
JSW Steel RINL (Vizag Steel) Bhushan Steel
Jindal Steel & Power Ltd Jai Balaji Group Neelachal Ispat 
Arcelor‐Mittal India Limited. MESCO Steel Electrosteel Steels Limited
Tata Steel NMDC Essar Steel

 

Technology Providers
Dow Water & Process Solutions Hindustan Dorr-Oliver Ltd. Siemens Water
Driplex Water Engineering Ltd. Hitachi Aqua-Tech Engineering Pte Ltd SS Techno Ltd.
Econ Industries Hyflux SSP Pvt. Ltd.
OVIVO Water ID & WT Suez Environment
Evoqua Water Technologies IDE Technologies Sunpower Group
Felix Industries Pvt. Ltd. Lesico Cleantech Thermax Global
France Evaporation Max Green Eco Energy Transparent Energy Systems Pvt. Ltd.
G. D. Technology McKim & Creed Triveni Engineering & Industries Ltd.
GE Power, Water & Process Technologies Microvision Group Tamilnadu Water Investment Company (TWIC) Limited
Geist Woow Oasys Water VA TECH WABAG Ltd.
Hager + Elasser Praj Industries Limited VEOLIA

 

Category: 
Market Intelligence and Outlook